Major Kenneth Lee, IV, MD, PhD specializes in hepatopancreatobiliary surgery and advanced laparoscopy within the division, specifically minimally invasive liver, pancreas, and foregut surgery. He is board-certified in general surgery. Dr. Lee received a medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He completed his residency in General Surgery at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, followed by fellowships in Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery at Providence Cancer Center and Washington University School of Medicine. He is a member of the International Hepato-Pancreato Biliary Association. He also maintains an active research interest in altering the tumor microenvironment to bolster the immune response to GI malignancies. He sees patients at the Perelman Center for Advanced Medicine at Penn Medicine.