Low back pain is a leading cause of disability in the United States. A new study shows that among adults with chronic back pain, both mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) resulted in meaningful improvement in back pain compared to traditional care.
Researchers from Group Health Research Institute randomly assigned 342 adults age 20 to 70 years with chronic low back pain to receive MBSR, CBT, or traditional care. Both MBSR and CBT were delivered in 8 weekly 2 hour groups. They found that study participants who received MSBR and CBT showed more improvement in pain and physical limitations at both 6 and 12 months.