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Medical Education: Reliability of Measuring Ileo-Colonic Disease Activity in Crohn's Disease by MR Enterography

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Reliability of Measuring Ileo-Colonic Disease Activity in Crohn's Disease by MR Enterography

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Reliability of Measuring Ileo-Colonic Disease Activity in Crohn's Disease by MR Enterography
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Join us for an in-depth review of the reliability of magnetic resonance enterography and the London Index in assessing luminal Crohn's disease.
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    Reliability of Measuring Ileo-Colonic Disease Activity in Crohn's Disease by Magnetic Resonance Enterography.

    Vipul Jairath, MD, PhD, Ingrid Ordas, MD, PhD, Guangyong Zou, PhD, Julian Panes, MD, Jaap Stoker, MD, PhD, Stuart A Taylor, MD, Cynthia Santillan, MD, Karin Horsthuis, MD, Mark A Samaan, MD, Lisa M Shackelton, PhD, Larry W Stitt, MSc, Pieter Hindryckx, MD, PhD, Reena Khanna, MD, William J Sandborn, MD ,Geert D'Haens, MD, PhD, Brian G Feagan, MD, Barrett G Levesque, MD, and Jordi Rimola, MD, PhD

    BACKGROUND:

    Magnetic resonance enterography is increasingly utilized for assessment of luminal Crohn's disease activity. The Magnetic Resonance Index of Activity and the London Index are the most commonly used outcome measures in clinical trials. We assessed the reliability of these indices and several additional items.

    METHODS:

    A consensus process clarified scoring conventions and identified additional items based on face validity. Four experienced radiologists evaluated 50 images in triplicate, in random order, at least 1 month apart, using a central image management system. Intra- and interrater reliability were assessed by calculating and comparing intraclass correlation coefficients.

    RESULTS:

    Intrarater intraclass correlation coefficients (95% confidence intervals) for the Magnetic Resonance Index of Activity, London, and London "extended" indices and a visual analogue scale were 0.89 (0.84 to 0.91), 0.87 (0.83 to 0.90), 0.89 (0.85 to 0.92), and 0.86 (0.81 to 0.90). Corresponding interrater intraclass correlation coefficients were 0.71 (0.61 to 0.77), 0.67 (0.55 to 0.75), 0.70 (0.61 to 0.76), and 0.71 (0.62 to 0.77). Reliability for each index was greatest in the terminal ileum and poorest in the rectum. All 3 indices were highly correlated with the visual analogue scale; 0.79 (0.71 to 0.85), 0.78 (0.71 to 0.84), and 0.79 (0.72 to 0.85) for the Magnetic Resonance Index of Activity, London, and the London "extended" indices, respectively.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    "Substantial" interrater reliability was observed for all 3 indices. Future studies should assess responsiveness to treatment in order to confirm their utility as evaluative indices in clinical trials and clinical practice.

    This article is available through the journal online at ibdjournal.org.

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