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The Relationship Between Viral Replication and the Severity of Hepatic Necroinflammatory Damage Changed Before HBeAg Loss in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection

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04/23/2024
eurekalert.org

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A negative relationship between viral replication and liver inflammation in HBeAg-positive patients with high HBV DNA, which changed to a positive relationship for those HBeAg-positive patients with DNA less than 2×106 IU/mL and HBeAg-negative patients.

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Credit: Fengmin Lu, Fengmin Lu, Leijie Wang

Background and Aims

Disease progression of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is driven by the interactions between viral replication and the host immune response against the infection. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between HBV replication and hepatic inflammation during disease progression.

Methods

Two cross-sectional, one validation cohort, and meta-analyses were used to explore the relationship between HBV replication and liver inflammation. Spearman analysis, multiple linear regression, and logistic regression were used to explore the relationship between variables.

Results

In the cross-sectional cohorts A and B including 1,350 chronic hepatitis B patients, Spearman analysis revealed a negative relationship between HBV replication (such as HBV DNA) and liver inflammation (such as ALT) in HBeAg-positive patients with higher HBV DNA >2×106 IU/mL (rho=−0.160 and −0.042) which turned to be positive in HBeAg-positive patients with HBV DNA ≤2×106 IU/mL (rho=0.278 and 0.260) and HBeAg-negative patients (rho=0.450 and 0.363). After adjustment for sex, age, and anti-HBe, results from logistic regression and multiple linear regression showed the opposite relationship still existed in HBeAg-positive patients with different DNA levels; the opposite relationship in HBeAg-positive patients with different DNA levels was validated in a third cohort; the opposite relationship in patients with different HBeAg status was partially confirmed by meta-analysis (overall R: −0.004 vs 0.481).

Conclusions

These results suggested a negative relationship between viral replication and liver inflammation in HBeAg-positive patients with high HBV DNA, which changed to a positive relationship for those HBeAg-positive patients with DNA less than 2×106 IU/mL and HBeAg-negative patients.

https://www.xiahepublishing.com/2310-8819/JCTH-2023-00378

The study was recently published in the Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology.

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Journal

Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology

Article Title

The Relationship between Viral Replication and the Severity of Hepatic Necroinflammatory Damage Changed before HBeAg Loss in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection

Article Publication Date

27-Feb-2024

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.

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Schedule30 May 2024