USA: According to a study published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, doing physical exercises in greater intensity reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Some studies in the literature have highly pointed to the relationship between physical activity and incident T2DM, and these studies have relied primarily on questionnaires at a single time point.
Andrew S Perry from the Vanderbilt Translational and Clinical Cardiovascular Research Center and colleagues used data from wearable devices linked to electronic health records to investigate, “What is the relationship between physical activity and incident T2DM?” The researchers evaluated for effect modification with age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and sedentary time using multiplicative interaction terms.
The study summary is given as follows:
To conclude, greater time spent in physical activity lowers the risk of T2DM.
Andrew S Perry, Jeffrey S Annis, Hiral Master, Matthew Nayor, Andrew Hughes, Aymone Kouame, Karthik Natarajan, Kayla Marginean, Venkatesh Murthy, Dan M Roden, Paul A Harris, Ravi Shah, Evan L Brittain, Association of Longitudinal Activity Measures and Diabetes Risk: An Analysis From the National Institutes of Health All of Us Research Program, The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 2022; dgac695, https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgac695