The prevalence of diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes varies by race/ethnicity and among subgroups within the adult Hispanic and non-Hispanic Asian populations, according to a study published in the Dec. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The researchers found that a total of 2,266 individuals had diagnosed diabetes, yielding a weighted age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of total diabetes of 12.1 percent for non-Hispanic white, 20.4 percent for non-Hispanic black, 22.1 percent for Hispanic, and 19.1 percent for non-Hispanic Asian adults. The prevalence of total diabetes among Hispanic adults was 24.6 percent for Mexican, 21.7 percent for Puerto Rican, 20.5 percent for Cuban/Dominican, 19.3 percent for Central American, and 12.3 percent for South American subgroups. The prevalence of total diabetes among non-Hispanic Asian adults was 14 percent for East Asian, 23.3 percent for South Asian, and 22.4 percent for Southeast Asian subgroups. For non-Hispanic white adults, the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes was 3.9 percent versus 5.2 percent for non-Hispanic black, 7.5 percent for Hispanic, and 7.5 percent for non-Hispanic Asian adults.
"These data also provide insights that allow us to reach groups at higher risk and provide opportunities to strengthen diabetes detection and type 2 diabetes prevention and care in these groups," Ann Albright, Ph.D., director of the CDC Division of Diabetes Translation, said in a statement.